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The Basics of Tree Pruning

MERISTEM TIPS :: VASCULAR SYSTEM :: TRANSPIRATION :: THE 1/3 RULE
THE BRANCH COLLAR :: TARGET PRUNING :: CONCLUSION :: GLOSSARY


CONCLUSION
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Now that we’ve seen the basic concepts of good tree pruning, we should take a minute to review the most important points.

  1. Approach pruning from the tree’s point of view. Remove what is interfering with the tree’s health and ideal form.
  2. Start with the most egregious cuts first. Eliminate dead wood, narrow crotching structures, crossing branches, and continually assess the form and balance of the tree as you progress.
  3. Preserve as many meristem tips s possible.
  4. Follow the one third guideline, by training to a branch that is at least one third the diameter of the former leader.
  5. Always prune back to the branch collar, and make the smallest possible cut.
  6. Treat the wound with orange oil/beeswax to prevent decomposition, or a gasp of air entering the vascular system.

If you follow these basic guidelines, you can expect to make cuts that will heal properly, and send your trees into the future.


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